The British government and trade unionists perceive Irish opinion as an overreaction. The DUP, which used previous trade union rhetoric during the conflict, calls Ireland a “predatory neighbour” who uses the border issue as a trick to achieving a united Ireland, even though unification in Ireland was never a campaign issue in the last elections in February 2020 and the majority welcomed the status quo – the soft border and peace. In principle, it is considered that either customs offices should be established at the Irish border and will not be destabilizing, or the EU should put in place a tailor-made regime that would relax its rules of the internal market, so that customs offices do not become necessary. For Irish and EU observers, the UK is playing a marginal role in using Northern Ireland as a toy to reach a better trade deal, which is an excuse to abandon the withdrawal agreement. 14 Therefore, the GFA, as a common and reciprocal redefinition of British and Irish public sovereignty over Northern Ireland, was a remarkably incomplete and unfinished constitutional process. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom and its border problem in Ireland show that the 1998 agreement did not go far enough to provide for an explicit, indisputable and constitutional (new) definition of the Dublin and London obligations as the sovereign guarantee of the agreement. Although free trade and a soft border have been the preferred outcomes for the Irish government in protecting the Irish agreement and the Irish economy, the DUP and the British Parliament have ruled out this result because of the British Parliament`s opposition to the backstop and the EU`s emphasis on the unsover of the internal market. The Irish government had no choice but to put one above the other. Given the history of the conflict and the perceived risk of a recurrence of violence and the fact that the Irish border is on its territory, it is not surprising that it gives priority to an open Irish border and considers it essential to the protection of the agreement.

For the Irish government, Brexit and its management by the British government have created this problem. In addition to conflicting assessments of the risks associated with a hard border, the announcement of the internal market law has a negative impact on all three aspects of the agreement, regardless of the damage limitation. Policy Exchange describes itself as the “uk`s leading Destanks think tank.” She has published a series of articles on the Irish border issue, written by former Irish Ambassador Ray Bassett (Senior Fellow on EU Affairs) and Graham Gudgin (Chief Economic Adviser). I just linked some of his articles. For more information, click on the name links. In March 2019, the UK government announced that it would not carry out customs checks at the Irish border following a Brexit without a deal. [58] The plan was quickly referred to as a “smugglers` charter”[61][62][63][63] and was criticized for probable violations of WTO rules. [59] [61] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] Local businesses have expressed serious concerns. [70] Much less than we think. The only place he is referring to the infrastructure at the border is the security section. The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and some Conservative MPs supporting Brexit say the issue of a hard border should not emerge, as they believe it can be overcome by a series of administrative and technical measures. www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/04/moderates-northern-ireland-good-friday-agreement/587764/.

The EU has asked and May has agreed to the “backstop” to protect the Good Friday agreement, which depends on the two EU countries. A hard border would require checkpoints and other infrastructure that could become physical and symbolic hot spots for nationalists who support a united Ireland. Trade unionists feared that the Irish government`s position was a disguised attempt to gain more power over the province to promote a united Ireland[29] a position that the Irish government rejected. [30] The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is opposed to a fron