Encyclopedic comments on IBFD`s comments contain commentary and information on the OECD model, the UN model and other models, all tax treaties in general and contractual aspects of international taxation. It contains information, examples and tables on the article or subject in question, as well as hyperlinks to other collections of the IBFD tax research platform, such as contracts, models, national and superior analyses, case law in the tax contract and documentation of international organizations. If the allocation between the parties is intended only to offset the costs, it is not possible to impose taxes such as: in our opinion, the Brazilian tax authorities are not entitled to tax tax transfers sent abroad as part of a cost-sharing agreement with non-resident companies, because, as with the DBA, these other types of international agreements are most often bilateral but can also be multilateral (for example. B there is a mutual tax assistance agreement between OECD member states). To find international tax agreements in different countries, use z.B.: The aim of the OECD model agreement on the exchange of information on tax issues (TIEA model) is to promote international tax cooperation through the exchange of information. It was developed by the OECD Global Forum Working Group on Effective Information Exchange. The TIEA model is the effective exchange of information within the meaning of the OECD`s initiative on harmful tax practices. The TIEA and Commentary model was released in April 2002. It is not a binding instrument, but two models of bilateral agreements. Many bilateral agreements are based on this agreement. See all bilateral agreements.

To verify these characteristics, the agreement itself and its implementation by the parties must be taken into account, which could have different tax effects. The Global Forum for Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework in which transparency and information exchange work is conducted by more than 100 jurisdictions. The Global Forum is responsible for a thorough monitoring and reciprocal review of the implementation of transparency and information exchange standards for tax purposes. These standards are reflected primarily in the OECD`s model agreement on the exchange of information on tax issues (TIEA model) and in its comments, as well as in Article 26 of the OECD`s Model Tax Convention on Income and Capital and its commentary in the updated 2004 declaration, incorporated into the UN Convention on Taxation model. The standards provide, on request, for an international exchange of relevant and predictable information for the management or application of the national tax law of an applicant. Double taxation agreements (DBAs) aim to prevent tax evasion and to prevent double taxation of income from being avoided by distributing tax rights among these incomes among contracting countries.