Relations between Uganda and Rwanda have not been in a good fraternal state in recent years. The two Ugandan and Rwandan governments have killed each other since their armies clashed three times in the town of Kisangani in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In recent times, for example, accusations and counter-accusations have marked their relationship. The way Bemba could do business with RCD-Goma and Rwanda without nodding in Uganda is staggering. However, Bemba`s agreement with the Kinshasa government in Sun City must be seen in the context of the unpredictability of the CLM. It seems that Uganda has given the green light to Bemba. Thus, President Museveni was the first foreign head of state to make Bemba prime minister Museveni the first transitional minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo.14 President Museveni could have done so to challenge Rwanda, whose RCD-Goma had received virtually nothing from the Sun City I talks. The agreement set a framework for the establishment of a single multi-party government and a timetable for democratic elections in Congo. The Sun City Agreement was an agreement signed on 19 April 2002 between some of the second World War warring parties in the luxurious South African casino Sun City, following the Inter-Belgian Dialogue (ICD). Delegates hoped it would be a historic “final act” that ended more than four years of war and established a government of national unity.

Encircled in the port city of Matadi since May 2002, a committee composed of the Congolese Liberation Movement (CLM), the government of Joseph Kabila and other components of civil society in the Democratic Republic of Congo oversaw the drafting of a new Constitution1 that, after thirty months, will lead to the formation of a transitional government and general elections. As part of the agreement reached between the Kabila government and Bembas CLM on the sidelines of the Sun City talks, the first president remains for the transition period and the second becomes Prime Minister. The other major rebel group, the Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD-Goma) and some unarmed opposition groups were abandoned in the cold. The agreement, as established, “marks the end of the anti-Kabila coalition and confirms the isolation of RCD-Goma and its main ally, Rwanda” (International Crisis Group 2002). The Pretoria agreement was handed over to the Inter-Consumese Dialogue Ombudsman, Ketumile Masire, who organized a meeting in Sun City to develop the final stages of the entire dialogue process. This meeting brought together all parties to the Pretoria process, which culminated in the signing of the Sun City II agreement of April 1, 2003. This agreement was reached in the context of ethnic conflicts in the Ituri region between Hema and Lendu. The conflict has been exacerbated by the involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Delegates were pressured by regional and international forces to reach a final settlement to allow the ituri region to be sorted. At the time of the letter, most parties designated their people to the various positions they were charged with under the agreement.37 The transitional government was to be inaugurated on 29 May 2003, but was postponed due to the withdrawal of the RCD-Goma from the committee that drafts the final settlement. The conflict erupted when the group accused the Kinshasa government of retaining the post of army chief and of wanting to control the majority of military regions.38 At the time of the letter, the transitional government has yet to be installed.

However, three things have been reported. These include the new fighting in the east of the country, in which the Turkish army (allegedly) participates, and the ethnic conflicts in which Hema and Lendu take place in the Ituri region.